中国医药学:traditionalChword免费下载

  • A+
所属分类:英语行业新闻

 

爱问共享资料拥有大量关于医学英语翻译.doc的实用类文件资料学中医英语怎么讲从零基础学英语,所有文本由著名合作机构或者专业作者提供,线上总资料多达两个亿学中医英语怎么讲,保证满足您的需求。

中国医药学:traditionalChinesemedicine中医基础原理:basictheoryoftraditionalChinesemedicine临床经验:clinicalexperience辨证论治:treatmentbasedonsyndromedifferentiation本草:materiamedicamedicinalherbs中药Chineseherbs四气五味:fourpropertiesandfivetastes针灸acupunctureandmoxibustion各家学说theoriesofdifferentschools汗法:diaphoresisdiaphoretictherapy下法:purgativetherapy吐法:emetictherapy补土派:schoolofinvigoratingtheearth病因学说:theoryofetiology养生:healthcultivation医疗实践medicalpractice治疗方法:therapeuticprinciples寒凉药物:herbsofcoldandcoolnature滋阴润肺:nourishingyintolowerfire瘀血致病:diseasecausedbybloodstasis先天之精:congenitalessence气的运动特点:movementandchangesofqi形与神俱:inseparabilityofthebodyandspirit神明:spiritmentalactivity脏腑:zangorgansandfuorgansviscera功能活动:functionalactivities形神统一:unityofthebodyandspirit阴阳失衡:imbalanceofyinandyang正邪相争:strugglebetweenhealthyqiandpathogenicfactors治未病preventionofdisease调养tocultivatehealth正气healthyqi病邪pathogenicfactor疾病的预防preventionandtreatmentofdisease整体思想conceptofholism五脏fivezangorgans六腑sixfuorgans经络系统systemofmeridiansandcollaterals形神统一unityofthebodyandspirit有机总体organicwholeness表里关系exteriorandinteriorrelation开窍openinginto生长化收藏fiveelementfunction脉象pulseconditions正邪关系thestatesofpathogenicfactorsandhealthyqi自然问题naturalphenomena哲学概念philosophicalconcept对立统一unityandopposites相互消长mutualwaningandwaxing阴阳属性natureofyinandyang相互转换mutualtransformation相互联系interrelation相互影响mutualrestraint动态平衡dynamicbalance阴平阳秘yinandyanginequilibrium阳消阴长yangwaningandyinwaxing阴胜则阳病predominanceofyinleadingtodisorderofyang阳胜则热predominanceofyanggeneratingheat寒极生热extremecoldgeneratingheat热极生寒extremeheatgeneratingcold相反相成oppositeandsupplementarytoeachother生理功用physiologicalfunctions病理变化pathologicalchanges临床治疗clinicaldiagnosis有机总体organicwholenessentirety正邪斗争strugglebetweenhealthyqiandpathogenicfactors绝对偏盛absolutepredominance阳虚则寒yangdeficiencyleadingtocold阳损及阴consumptionofyanginvolvingyin阴液不足insufficiencyofyinfluid病机pathogenesis五行学说theoryoffiveelements运动特点motionandvariation条达舒畅freedevelopment相生相克mutualgenerationandrestriction生我我生tobegeneratedandtogenerate克我我克toberestrictedandtorestrict生中有制restrictionwithingeneration克中有生generationwithinrestriction木曰曲直Woodischaracterizedbygrowingfreelyandperipherally火曰炎上Fireischaracterizedbyflamingup土曰稼穑Earthischaracterizedbycultivationandreaping金曰从革Metalischaracterizedbychange水曰润下Waterischaracterizedbymoisteninganddownwardflowing方位配十神correspondenceofthedirectionstothefiveelements相乘相侮overrestrictionandreverserestriction土乘木Thewoodoverrestrainstheearth土虚木乘Earthdeficiencyleadingtooverrestrictionbywood金虚木侮metaldeficiencyleadingtocounterrestrictionbywood生克制化interrelationshipbetweengenerationandrestriction制则生化restrictionensuringgeneration传变transmissionofdisease母病及子diseaseofthemotherorganaffectingthechildorgan子病犯母diseaseofthechildorganaffectingthemotherorgan肝肾气血不足insufficiencyofkidneyandliveressenceandblood肝阳上亢hyperactivityofliveryang藏象学说theoryofvisceralmanifestations五脏虚劳fivezangorgansandsixfuorgans奇恒之府extraordinaryfuorgans水谷精微cerealnutrients传化水谷transmissionsandtransformationoffood贮藏精气storageofessence表里关系interiorandexteriorrelationship治疗效应curativeeffect临床实践clinicalpractice藏而不泻storagewithoutexcretion心肝脾胃deficiencyofheartandliverblood心肝火旺exuberanceofheartandliverfire心火亢盛exuberanceofheartfire滋肾壮阳nourishingthekidneyandliver肝阴不足insufficiencyoftheliveryin温肾固精warmingthekidneyandstrengtheningthespleen肾阳式微declinationofkidneyyang脾阳不振inactivationofspleenyang肝旺脾湿hyperactivityoftheliverandweaknessofthespleen脾胃气虚weaknessofthespleenandstomach平肝和胃soothingtheliverandharmonizingthestomach水湿停聚retentionofwaterdampness肾阴不足insufficiencyofkidneyyin心肾不交disharmonybetweentheheartandkidney水火不济discordancebetweenwaterandfire阴阳俱损simultaneousconsumptionofyinandyang阴阳两虚simultaneousdeficiencyofbothyinandyang损其有余reducingexcess补其不足supplementinginsufficiency阴中求阳obtainingyangfromyin虚寒证deficiencycoldsyndrome扶阳益火strengtheningyangtoincreasingfire祛风散寒eliminatingwindtodispersingcold消导积滞promotingdigestionandremovingfoodretention潜阳息风suppressingyangtoquenchwind阴阳的互根互用interdependenceofyinandyang相互依赖interdependence阴阳离决separationofyinandyang阴阳转化transformationbetweenyinandyang发热头痛feverandaversiontocold头身酸痛headacheandbodypain感受湿邪theattackofdampness清热泄火cleaningawayheatandreducingfire腠理muscularinterstices水湿停滞retentionofwateranddampness气血运转circulationofqiandblood疾病的实质与问题:natureandmanifestationsofdisease阴阳的相对平衡:relativebalancebetweenyinandyang疾病的出现与演变:occurrenceanddevelopmentofdisease同病异治:treatingthesamediseasewithdifferenttherapies异病同治:treatingdifferentdiseaseswiththesametherapy中国医药学有数千年的政治,是美国人民大量同疾病作抗争的心得小结。

TCM,amedicalsystemwithahistoryofthousandsyears,hassummarizedtheexperienceoftheChinesepeopleaccumulatinginthestruggleagainstdiseases中医学在现代唯物论和辩证法思想的阻碍和指导下,通过大量的医疗实践,逐步构建并建设为丰富的医学原理机制。UndertheinfluenceandguidanceofclassicalChinesematerialismanddialectics,traditionChinesemedicinehaseventuallyevolvedintoamedicalsystemwithuniquetheorythroughlongtermmedicalpractice中医学是研究身体生理解剖及其病变的确诊和治疗的一门科学。TraditionChinesemedicineisasciencefocusingonthestudyofthephysiologyandpathologyofthehumanbodyaswellasthediagnosis,preventionandtreatmentofdisease黄帝内经总结了春秋楚国以来的医疗成就和预防经验,确立了医学学丰富的原理机制,成为医学药学发展的基础。

TheHuangdi’sCanonofMedicinehassummedupthemedicalachievementsandclinicalexperiencessincetheSpringAutumnPeriodandWarringStates,establishingtheuniquetheoreticalsystemofTCMandlayingthefoundationforthedevelopmentofTCM难经内容非常独特,补充了内经的不足,成为后世指导临床实践的原理基础。TheCanononMedicalProblemsisrichincontent,supplementingwhattheHuangdi’sCanonofMedicinelacksandservingasthetheoreticalbasisfortheclinicalpracticeofthelattergenerations阴常有余,阳常不足。Yangisfrequentlyinexcesswhileyinisoftenindeficiency温病是研究四时温病的出现发展规律及其其治疗方式的一门临床学科。

Epedemicfebrilediseaseisaclinicalspecialtyconcentratingonthestudyoftheoccurrence,developingtendency,diagnosisandtreatmentoffebrilediseasesinthefourseasons中医在其大量的演进过程中,形成了各家学说Initslongcourseofdevelopment,TCMhasdevelopedintovariousschoolsoftheories内伤肾虚,百病由生。Theinteriorimpairmentofthespleenandstomachwouldbringabouttheoccurrenceofvariousdiseases中药不但包括有人参,而且带有有矿物药和植物药等。Chinesemateriamedicaincludesnotonlymedicinalherbsbutalsomineralsandanimalparts中医学在其产生过程中得到了现代唯物论和辩证法思想的深刻影响。Duringthelongcourseofitsdevelopmentandpractice,traditionChinesemedicinehasbeenundertheinfluenceofclassicalChinesematerialismanddialectics中医学指出,世界是成分的,是阴阳二气互相作用的结果TraditionChinesemedicineholdsthattheworldismaterialandistheresultoftheinteractionofyinandyang天地合气,命之曰人Theexistenceofhumanbeingsdependsontheinteractionbetweenthecelestialqiandterrestrialqi中医学觉得精气是人生的本原物质,这种精气先身而生,具有基因性AccordingtotraditionChinesemedicine,essenceistheessentialsubstanceforlifeSuchanessentialsubstanceexistspriortotheformationofthebodyandishereditary父母之精气相合,形成胎儿发育的原始物质Thecombinationoftheparentalessenceistheprimarysubstancefortheformationoffetus人体各组织脏器共进入统一体中,不论在生理上也是在病理上都是相互联系相互影响的Allthetissuesandorgansinthehumanbodyareinaunitywhichassociatewitheachotherandinfluenceeachotherbothphysiologicallyandpathologically疾病是可以了解的,也是可以治疗的Diseasesarecognizable,preventableandcurable治病需要把握疾病的根本对立,即真正的治病必求于本ThetreatmentofdiseasemustfocusontherootcauseThatiswhat“thetreatmentofdiseasemustconcentrateontheprincipalaspect“means寒者热之,热者寒之,虚者补之,实者泻之Colddiseaseshouldbetreatedbywarmtherapy,whilefebrilediseaseshouldbetreatedbycoldtherapy,deficiencysyndromeshouldbetreatedbysupplementingtherapy,whileexcesssyndromeshouldbetreatedbypurgativetherapy人是自然界的一个构成部分,并与自然界有着紧密的联系Humanbeingisoneofthecomponentsinnatureandkeepscloserelationshipwithnature人的人生活动过程就是身体阴阳矛盾双方在不断地对立运动中取得统一的过程Theprocessoflifeactivityisacourseinwhichyinandyanginthehumanbodyrealizeunityafterconstantcontradictorymovement中医原理机制的几乎作用就是总体思想和辩证论治TCMischaracterizedbytheconceptoforganicwholenessandtreatmentbasedonsyndromedifferentiation中医学觉得身体是一个有机的总体TraditionChinesemedicineholdsthatthehumanbodyisanorganicwhole人体各构成部分在功能上互相为用,在病理上互相阻碍Thecomponentsofhumanbodyfunctionallydependoneachotherandpathologicallyaffecteachother整体意识贯穿于医学生理解剖诊法辩证和预防的各个方面TheconceptofholismpermeatesthroughallthefieldsinTCM,includingphysiology,pathology,diagnosis,syndromedifferentiationandtreatment人体某一局部区域内的病灶变化似乎与头部经络气脉阴阳的盛衰有关Thepathologicalchangesincertainpartorregionofthehumanbodyareusuallyrelatedtotheconditionsofviscera,qiandbloodaswellasyinandyanginthewholebody人体内部脏器的寒热气血的盛衰和五脏的盈亏都可呈现于舌Theconditionoftheviscera,qi,bloodandbodyfluidallcanbemanifestedoverthetongue心开窍于舌并与小肠相表里Theheartopensintothetongueandisexteriorlyandinteriorlyrelatedtothesmallintestine人与天地相应Thehumanbeingsareincorrespondencewiththeuniverse春夏脉多浮大,秋冬脉多沉小Inthespringandsummer,thepulseappearsfloatingandlarge,whileintheautumnandwinter,thepulseappearsdeepandsmall人体气血白天多趋于表,夜晚多趋于里TheyangqiinthehumanbodytendstoflowintheexteriorindaytimeandintheinterioratnightTreatmentbasedonsyndromedifferentiationisthebasicprincipleforunderstandingandtreatingdiseaseinTCMandalsooneofthebasiccharacteristicsofTCMSyndromeisapathologicalsummarizationofadiseaseatacertainstageofitsdevelopmentSyndromedifferentiationanddiseasetreatmentaretwoinseparablepartsindiagnosingandtreatingdiseaseTCMemphasizesthedifferentiationofbothdiseaseandsyndromeinunderstandingandtreatingdisease阴阳是美国现代文学的一对客体YinandyangaretwocategoriesinclassicalChinesephilosophy阴阳的相悖和消长是宇宙的几乎规律Theoppositionandwaningwaxingofyinandyangarethebasiclawsintheuniverse阴阳是自然界相互关联的这些事物和问题矛盾双方的阐述Yinandyangrefertotwooppositeaspectsofinterrelatedthingsorphenomenainthenaturalworld世界是成分性的总体,是阴阳二气对立统一的结果Theworldisamaterialintegrityandistheresultoftheunityofoppositesofyinandyang宇宙间一切事物的出现、发展和特点都是阴阳两派统一争执运动的结果Theoccurrencedevelopmentandchangesofallthingsintheuniverseresultfromtheunityandoppositionbetweenyinandyang阴阳代表着彼此矛盾又互相关联的事物属性Yinandyangrepresentthepropertiesofthingsthatarebothoppositeandrelatedtoeachother天气清轻故属阳,地气重着故属阴Thecelestialislightandlucidandthuspertainingtoyangwhiletheterrestrialqiisheavyandlucidandthereforepertainingtoyin阳化气,阴成形Yangtransformsqiwhileyinshapesintoconfiguration阴阳互相影响的过程就是互相消长的过程Theprocessofmutualrestrictionbetweenyinandyangsignifiesthecourseofwaningandwaxingbetweenyinandyang阳依存于阴,阴依存于阳,每一方都以其相对的另一方的存在为自己的存在前提YinandyangdependoneachotherNeithercanexistinisolation人生有形,不离阴阳Manhasaphysicalshapewhichisinseparablefromyinandyang对于身体的生理功用,中医学还是用阴阳学说加以阐述说明TCMexplainsandsummarizesthatthephysiologicalfunctionsofhumanbodyaccordingtothetheoryofyinandyang功能属于阳,物质属于阴Functionpertainstoyangwhilesubstancetoyin如果阴阳不能互相为用而分离,人的人生也就终止了Theseparationofyinandyangwillleadtotheendoflife阴阳的协调平衡是安全的体现Thebalanceandharmonyofyinandyangarethemanifestationsofhealth无论肿瘤的病灶变化怎么复杂,都不外乎阴阳的偏盛偏衰Nomatterhowcomplicatedthepathogenicchangesofdiseasesare,,theyallcanbeincludedinthepredominanceordeclineofyinandyang邪气泛指这些致病原因Thepathogenicfactorsrefertovariousfactorsthatbringaboutdisease正气指整个人体的构造与功用,包括身体对病症的抵御力等Healthyqirefertothestructureandfunctionsofthehumanbodyincludingtheresistanceagainstdisease阴虚则自汗,阳虚则外寒Astheniaofyinleadstoheatintheinteriorwhileastheniaofyangbringsaboutcoldintheexterior机体阴或阳的其他一方虚损到必须程度,必然造成另一方的不足。

Ifastheniaofyinoryanginthebodydevelopstoacertaindegree,itwillinevitablyleadstoinsufficiencyoftheotherside木火土金水是不可缺乏的五种最基本物质Woodfireearthmetalandwaterarethemostessentialandindispensablematerials任何事物都不是孤立的、静止的,而是在不断的相生相克的运动中维持着协调平衡NothingintheworldissolitaryandstaticInfacteverythingintheuniversemaintainsharmonicbalancethroughconstantmutualgenerationandrestriction中医原理机制在产生过程中,受到西方五行学说的深远影响ThetheoreticalsystemofTCMhasbeenundertheinfluenceofclassicaltheoriesofthefiveelements五行原理大致用以观察这些事物的五行属性,也是研究事物之间相互联系的几乎法则Thetheoryoffiveelementsismainlyusedtoanalyzethepropertiesofthefiveelementsofvariousthingsaccordingtothefiveelementsandstudythebasiclawoftheinterrelationbetweenthings水赋予润泽和向下的特点Waterischaracterizedbymoisteninganddownwardflowing火赋予温热下降的特点Fireischaracterizedbyflamingupward肝主升而归属于木Sincetheliverfunctionstoascend,itpertainstowood心阳主温煦而归属于火Sincetheheartyangfunctionstowarm,itpertainstofire脾主运化而归属于土Sincethespleenfunctionstotransformandtransport,itpertainstoearth肺主降而归属于金Sincethelungfunctionstodescend,itpertainstometal

发表评论

:?: :razz: :sad: :evil: :!: :smile: :oops: :grin: :eek: :shock: :???: :cool: :lol: :mad: :twisted: :roll: :wink: :idea: :arrow: :neutral: :cry: :mrgreen: